How to ride off-road motorcycles Driving off-road motorcycles skills book
How to ride off-road motorcycles Driving off-road motorcycles skills
Abstract: People who love the outdoors must be no stranger to motocross, so do you know how to drive a motocross bike? First-time learners of the motorcycle requirements is the front brake should be hydraulic disc type, otherwise it is difficult to lock the front wheel at once. The front brake can be a drum type after technical proficiency. It is important to note that locking the front wheel is very dangerous and the most appropriate use of the brake is not to lock the wheel. Here are some tips on how to drive a motocross bike.
Basic motorcycle driving skills
1. Steering in Place
The technique of steering in place is actually the same as using the throttle to accelerate the steering. The angle of steering in place is much larger, and can be 360 degrees or more.
When steering in place, you should use a lower gear, pull the clutch handle with your left hand, use the motorcycle's own weight to lean naturally, and step out with one foot in the direction you are turning, and the handlebars should also turn to the direction you are turning. The other foot should be on the pedal lever, knees close to the body, and the body leaning outward. When the body leans to a large enough angle, quickly add gas and release the clutch.
When the body is tilted to a large enough angle, quickly apply the accelerator and release the clutch, then the rear wheel will start to rotate with the left foot as the center of the circle, the size of the angle of rotation can depend on physical strength.
The application of steering-in-place technology in real life is great, especially in crowded places after parking, and want to leave quickly, steering-in-place is the best way.
2、Lifting the rear wheel
Lifting the rear wheel, like lifting the front wheel, is one of the basic skills of driving a motocross bike, but it is easier to master.
I am afraid that the role of the rear wheel is unique in terms of performance, but I cannot verify the role of other aspects at this time, so I hope that you will give me more advice.
The action of lifting the rear wheel is best done on the asphalt with a lot of friction, followed by the plastic track surface, the next best is the cement surface. It is best not to practice on other roads unless you have certain skills.
The requirement for beginners is that the front brake should be a hydraulic disc type, otherwise it is difficult to lock the front wheel at once. After becoming technically proficient, the front brake can be a drum type. It is important to note that locking the front wheel is very dangerous and the most appropriate use of the brake is not to lock the wheel.
Before lifting the rear wheel, you should keep the motorcycle at a certain speed and keep it running in a straight line. Clamp both knees to the body so that the person and the vehicle are one, grab the front brake handlebar so that the front wheel is locked, hold the handlebar with both hands, lean your body forward and shift your weight forward. The motorcycle will lift the rear wheel due to inertia, the contraction of the front shock and the multiple effects of the human body.
Once lifted, the front brake should be released at the right time so that the bike will not roll over due to excessive speed.
Pay special attention to the choice of road surface and keep driving in a straight line.
Jumping is commonplace in competition and has great potential for skill development. Of course, it should also be seen that not the highest jumping people run the fastest. Jumping high, you can do some difficult movements and perform a little more.
When approaching the jumping point, the body takes a semi-standing position; maintain proper acceleration, if full acceleration, it may be dangerous due to excessive speed; when reaching the best jumping point, increase the throttle at once, while pulling the handgrip to the front of the body; at this time, the human car is airborne, in the air with both knees clamped tightly to the body, the throttle returns to its original position, the waist moves forward, the whole body relaxes, ready to absorb the impact of landing; when landing, let the rear wheels When landing, let the rear wheels land first and the front wheels follow, so that the front and rear wheels can jointly absorb the violent impact. If the front wheel lands first or if you do not let the front wheel disperse the impact, the car may lose its balance.
This is a basic action of single-peak jumping, there are also double-peak and multi-peak jumping, and the jumping technique is different because the landing place is different, which requires riders to adjust their posture in the air properly, so that the front and rear wheels can share the impact from the ground and help to accelerate quickly after landing.
When practicing, it is necessary to practice from small jumping platform, and then increase the height after finding the feeling.
4. Lifting the front wheel
If you don't know how to lift the front wheel, you have not yet crossed the threshold of playing motocross. This may not be a scientific statement, but many people think so. That's why the mastery of this skill is crucial for enthusiasts. We shouldn't hold out for attention to master it, but rather know how much mastering it can do for our actual driving. It is, the skill of crossing obstacles such as ditches, rocks, steps, and cross logs.
There are two specific ways to do this. Using the body and throttle together to lift the front wheel and using the clutch to lift the front wheel.
When using the body and throttle to lift the front wheel, first of all, you should keep the balance and control the speed of the car; then lean forward as much as possible, so that the front fork is contracted due to the weight; finally, the body's center of gravity quickly shifts back, while using the rebound force of the fork extension to lift the handlebar, and appropriately increase the throttle, the front wheel will be lifted.
When using the clutch to lift the front wheel, first of all, you should also maintain balance and control the speed of the car; then lift the clutch handle, add some throttle to keep the engine speed number in the appropriate range, and finally quickly release the clutch handle, the front wheel will be lifted naturally due to the driving force of the rear wheel.
In practice, there are many practical problems, such as the size of the vehicle power, the degree of coordination between the body and the throttle, clutch control, psychological quality, etc., all may affect the success of the exercise or not. Of course, people with high skills are able to ride solo on bicycles, not to mention motocross with a certain amount of drive. That's why beginners prefer models with greater acceleration for practice.
After the front wheel is lifted, the throttle and brake should be properly controlled to adjust the proper height and maintain a good balance. When the front wheel is falling, increase the throttle slightly; when the front wheel is lifted too high, step on the rear brake at the right time, then the motorcycle will maintain the front wheel lifted stance and drive forward.
How to cock a motorcycle
1. Don't be afraid of falling, don't be afraid of falling on people, and don't be afraid of damaging the car, otherwise you won't be able to let go of your hands and feet and practice.
2, the speed of the car must be fast, not in situ head, at least 20km / h.
3. Stand up when driving.
Three motorcycle driving technology tutorial
The continuous undulating road surface, which we call a rolling road, is the most difficult to walk on. By practicing in the right way, you too can pass quickly and safely. Pick the highest gear before entering the road, the higher the gear, the better your suspension will work.
1. In addition to shifting into high gear, another key is to shift your weight backwards. Of course you need to stand up and maintain an attack position. Set your buttocks located above the rear fender.
2, at the same time, you should use both knees to clamp the body hard. This will help prevent swinging from side to side and make you handle better.
3, the force point of the feet should be in the forefoot, not the arch of the foot. And to have both feet parallel forward, can avoid injury because of foot impact.
4, the upper body to maintain the level of both shoulders, hands to hold the handlebars, and hold tight, ready to resist any impact from the ground.
5, a finger to hold the clutch is also necessary, because you need the car at any time to burst out the power of the sprint to maintain your forward speed and let the front wheel erect.
6、Your head should be raised and eye-level to where the road disappears in front of you, so that when the road suddenly changes, you can make the right judgment and reflection in time.
7、The last, but the most important one, don't let your front wheels zigzag down too hard, or you will be tripped up in the rumble position.
Hard dirt sharp corner passing
There are a few different techniques for any turn on any motocross course, but there are also overwhelmingly similar techniques. When a turn is one of those slippery and dry ground, the right technique becomes extremely important. This kind of turn is often the place that separates the best from the best.
When entering a turn: There is no soft soil, no gullies, and it looks dry and slippery in this turn.
After entering the corner, we want the vehicle to travel at the highest speed that can be controlled, so the angle and speed of the vehicle needs to be determined by the inclination of this turn, the inclination inward The greater the camber, the faster you can go. If the inward camber is small, and you enter quickly, then it will definitely cause the tires to slip when turning and lose the best control. Control.
Braking Tips: The best way to enter such a corner is to stand, the moment after entering the corner, point the front brake while leaning forward to sit down, and then extend your legs to put the weight on the front wheel. Then extend your legs to put the weight on the front wheels to increase the grip of the front wheels. This type of corner requires you to put all your weight on the front wheel to maintain the best angle and position. Because Because there is little dirt in such places, the front wheels do not easily grip the ground, so you need to make the front wheels the guide point for the entire vehicle.
At the steering point: At the steering point, you must look at the exit of the corner and open the throttle at the same time. Don't give too much gas at this time, otherwise Otherwise, there is no way to control the car if the front end is cocked or the rear end is flung wildly. Give the gas slowly and gently will enable you to exit the corner more smoothly.
Accelerate out of the corner: when the vehicle is about to return to the normal position, the body can return to the center of the vehicle. Once the vehicle is in a straight position, feel free to twist the throttle. You've finished a difficult corner without a hitch.
Muddy and deeply rutted turns
Of all the various types of turns, the deep rutted ones are probably the most difficult and require the most skill. If the turn is a little muddy, it will be even more slippery and difficult to control the car. And as the race continues, the ruts will get deeper and deeper.
1. Always look ahead while you are driving, this is especially important when going through a muddy corner with deep ruts. If you look at your front sand board, then you will not want to see the scene, either the car is not fast enough, or you are about to lose the center and lose control.
2, inside the corner to keep your outward facing that elbow above the handlebars, can make your hands as close as possible to the car to the angle of the rut inside, while leaning your upper body also to the inner angle. The greater the lean angle of the corner, the more you need to lean to the inside. This is how you can maintain high speed through the corner.
3. Be hard on top of the outside footpegs and squeeze the car to the inside with your knees and thighs so that you can get a better grip on the vehicle. At the same time the other foot You don't want to let your inside foot badly in this state.
4. Your inside boot must play a vital role in guiding the direction of the wheel. If your feet touch the ground too much at this point, you will definitely lose control or inertia. unstable or lose inertia power. At this point, the upper body is still leaning forward slightly to ensure that the front wheels are playing a proper grip role.
Crossing sandy corners
Although the large sand turns on the outside are not the fastest lines, they are usually the best lines to take. Today we are going to talk about how to negotiate those sand turns
1, when you enter the corner, it is very important to keep your body in the center of the vehicle (this is different from the muddy, dry corner through the skills) because, this is a sandy corner you can not This is a sandy corner you can not put the center to the front wheels up, because the sand will trap the wheels. At the same time, you can not put the body too far back, or the front wheels will likely be overhanging to lead The front wheel may hang in the air and lead to insufficient guidance. Therefore, the body needs to maintain the weight of the front and rear wheels evenly, so that when the corner can effectively control the vehicle, but also have enough grip.
2, once you enter the corner, you want to make sure you keep the throttle in a certain degree of open above, can not collect fuel and can not release fuel. If you enter the corner too quickly, you may not only Bar the front wheels into the sand, but also the loss of inertial force, and at the same time, the speed of the car is down. To avoid this, you just have to keep the throttle, keep your fingers on the above the clutch, always ready to adjust the speed to prevent your speed from dropping.
3. As mentioned earlier, but needs to be repeated, it is vital to control your clutch with one finger. If you go too soft into a corner, you will need to adjust your RPM to get the revs up so you don't lose all your speed while maintaining your forward inertia.
The benefit of looking forward is not much to say, compared to the friends who often watch our off-road forum know the benefits of it.
Maintain high speed inertia during the ascent
When you reach the bottom of the slope, the most important thing is to maintain your inertia. But going up such large slopes will inevitably slow you down, and You also have to pay close attention to some obstacles. Is there any way to try to maintain your speed?
1, when you want to approach this part, you have to choose the appropriate line in advance, this is very important. If it is the wrong line, it will be completely impossible to occupy a favorable The position to maintain high speed. You should always remember the deep ditch in front of your brain, never be careless, and make sure to plan before entering. If the front wheel is in the ditch and the back wheel If the front wheel is in the ditch and the back wheel is not in the right line. You know the result .....
2, once you enter a ditch in front of you, do not rush to accelerate, you must make sure that the back wheel also enter. At the same time, you think of vacating the air when you go uphill to the top After that, you have to try to reduce the vacating time. If you land early, you will have acceleration early. If you find after takeoff that you can no longer fly over the slope in front of you, you may have to hit the The only way is to pull up on the handlebar and try to get the back half of the front wheel to hit the tip of the peak while keeping the throttle up. Third point, no matter how fast you enter
speed, you're definitely going to lose some speed. Once you feel the RPM drop, there are two options here, first, pull the clutch a little bit and let the RPMs come up. Second, downshift the way up RPM. Of course, downshifting is a last resort, so it is recommended to work with the clutch to increase RPM.
3, always remember, look ahead. In this area because of the uphill is relatively large, you can not see the situation behind the slope. So here the eyes ahead is to let you see clearly in front of The last point can help you to keep control and to keep the road in advance. The last thing that will help you maintain control and prevent injuries is that if you speed up on this stage, the car usually tends to be the opposite of your body. The tendency of the car is always in the opposite direction of your body. Therefore, it is very necessary to clench the car with all your strength to prevent your car from tailing.
Techniques for crossing deep ditches
Body weight distribution: When you enter this section, you must keep your body weight distributed to the outer side of the pedals as much as possible. This will maintain balance and correct line.
Always keep your elbows up: Having your elbows up facilitates arm control of the bar.
Keep looking straight ahead: You are already in a deep ditch, and as long as the first two steps are correct, you will not run out or fall off the bike, this is the time to look ahead and Get ready for the obstacle behind you.
Keep the throttle open: When entering such a gully bend, you must keep the throttle open, otherwise the rhythm will be completely messed up once the speed comes down.
High-speed downhill technique
Decelerate: Choose the line of descent first, then pay attention to the evenness of the braking force. The distance from the brakes to the curve should be well controlled, keeping it at the highest possible speed. Also consider a good route out of the bend.
Brakes: The rear kill is always with brakes from the top to the bottom of the hill. This way, it keeps your rear wheels from being bounced up. And it also ensures that the vehicle has effective traction. The front brakes need to be used less, you can't let the front wheels be less guided and not be able to control the direction because of too much brake force.
Gearing: Personally, I don't think you need to use the engine deceleration effect. You can maintain a relatively high gear level. Change down again when cornering.
Body posture: keep your body posture in the center of gravity and keep your elbows in an attack position. This will help you absorb the impact of some unforeseen potholes. Also keep
both knees clamped to the vehicle. This way you won't get bounced up either.
High-speed gentle bimodal technique
Correct posture is the key; when you ride a motorcycle at high speed on a road like this, these bimodal peaks are very gentle, but there will be several in a row, if your body posture is not correct. The first two may not be a problem, the next few may make you eat all the bones.
Technique of the legs and feet: keep your feet inward, legs clamped to the vehicle, and always be prepared to absorb the force of the vibration. Be careful, too, not to fly too far or too close. Both will cause you to fail over such sections.
No brakes: This kind of road, you generally can not use the brakes, if you think you may fly too far, you reduce the throttle, because this kind of slope you reduce the throttle will not appear that kind of big planted head phenomenon. And your body is in the rear of the vehicle. You can basically counteract this effect.
Take off and landing: After you take off, you have to pay careful attention. You try your best to keep your rear wheels on the ground first and then immediately start to throttle up, at which point you center again to start preparing to move backwards and start into the next similar section. But if one of the back twin peaks is too steep, you may need to try to keep both wheels on the ground at the same time.